Manual testing is the process of manually testing software for defects. It requires a tester to play the role of an end-user whereby they use most of the application’s features to ensure correct behavior. To guarantee the completeness of testing, the tester often follows a written test plan that leads them through a set of important test cases.
Types of Manual Testing
1. White Box Testing
White box Testing, also known as glass box or transparent testing, is an approach in which the QA is familiar with the internal code or structure of the application. It is primarily used for unit testing. White box Testing also covers specific techniques like data flow testing, control flow testing, decision coverage, path testing, and a few others.
2. Black Box Testing
Black-box testing is a test approach in which the QA doesn’t have any knowledge about the underlying code or structure of the application. The QA interacts with the software application just like an end-user to test its functional and non-functional behavior. This helps to discover some bugs typically overlooked in the earlier stages.
3. Grey Box Testing
Grey-Box test approach is the combination of both white box and black box testing techniques. The main aim of this approach is to identify any bugs present either due to inappropriate usage or any structural flaws.
Manual testing step by step:
- Analyze requirements from the software requirement specification document
- Create a clear test plan
- Write test cases that cover all the requirements defined in the document
- Get test cases reviewed by the QA lead
- Execute test cases and detect any bugs
- Report bugs, if any, and once fixed, run the failed tests again to re-verify the fixes
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